About Dr. V. V. (Appa) Pendse

The year of Independent Action

Graduating in science from the University of Bombay, young Appa Pendse was all prepared to embark upon his independent action. On May, 10, 1940, he founded his own group of revolutionaries. May 10 was chosen as an auspicious day, because on this very day in 1857, the first bullet was fired upon the British officers of the East India Company and the so called 'Sepoy's' Mutiny which was, in fact, a war of independence was started. Pendse resolved to start similar groups in all the tahsils or countries of Maharashtra, and began working in the direction. In 1942, '43 and '44, he toured the whole province strengthening the revolutionary groups and organizing gatherings at district and country places. In 1945, he conceived an idea of starting village schools which would serve as centers of revolutionary activities. In 1946, he went to Pubjab and the North-western province and visited the cities Amritsar, Lahore and Peshawar in order to establish contacts with the revolutionaries there.

However, things were moving faster on the political scene, both national and international. Before Pendse's and other such secret groups could attempt any insurgence, India was partitioned on August 15, 1947 and the British left India giving the management of the country in the Indian hands.

In January 1948, Mahatma Gandhi was assassinated. Immediately afterwards, the R.S.S. (i.e. Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh) was banned as a suspect party in the ghastly murder, and hundreds of workers of the R.S.S. Were put behind the bars. Appa Pendse was also among them. He was working at that time in Machalipattnam in Andhra, a southern province. However, all of them were released in June 1948 as the R.S.S. Was proved to be innocent in the court of law.